The territory within the islands of the Four Kings is enormous, covering 9.8 million acres of land and sea, home to 540 types of corals, more than 1,000 types of coral fish and 700 types of mollusks. This makes it the most diverse living library for world's coral reef and underwater biota. According to a report developed by The Nature Conservancy and Conservation International, around 75 percent of the world's species live here. When divers first arrive here their excitement is palpable. It's common to hear people praise God as they take in the remarkable scenery. Others prefer to remain in silence taking in the overwhelming sight of so many islands with crystal clear water that softly brushes over the white sandy beachesyoutube More videos
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11 Interesting Facts About Raja Ampat
Have you go to Raja Ampat?
Did you know that Raja Ampat, or the Four Kings, is an archipelago comprising over 1,500 small islands, cays, and shoals surrounding the four main islands?
If you don't know, you need to read this!
Here they are 11 Interesting Facts about Raja Ampat..
#1 As a part of Coral Triangle which contains the richest marine biodiversity on earth
The Coral Triangle is a geographical term so named as it refers to a roughly triangular area of the tropical marine waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste that contain at least 500 species of reef-building corals in each ecoregion.
#2 Richest Coral reef ecosystems in the world
The Coral Triangle is the heart of the world's coral reef biodiversity, making Raja Ampat quite possibly the richest coral reef ecosystems in the world.
And diversity of Raja Ampat is considerably greater than any other area sampled in the Coral Triangle
More than 1,300 species of coral reef fish and 600 species of hard coral within the Bird’s Head Seascape—75% of the total for the entire world
#3 The number one ranking of The Most Popular Diving Place, in Terms of underwater biodiversity
The oceanic natural resources around Raja Ampat give it significant potential as a tourist area. Many sources place Raja Ampat as one of their top ten most popular places for diving whilst it retains the number one ranking in terms of underwater biodiversity.
According to Conservation International, marine surveys suggest that the marine life diversity in the Raja Ampat area is the highest recorded on Earth.
Diversity is considerably greater than any other area sampled in the Coral Triangle composed of Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and East Timor
#4 Has a 75% of all Hard Coral Species that exist in the world (537 hard coral species)
Hard corals grow in colonies and are the architects of coral reefs. Hard corals—including such species as brain coral and elkhorn coral—create skeletons out of calcium carbonate (also known as limestone), a hard substance that eventually becomes rock. Hard corals are hermatypes, or reef-building corals, and need tiny algae called zooxanthellae (pronounced zo-zan-THEL-ee) to survive.
This is the reason why the diversity of coral reefs in Raja Ampat is the richest of the world
#5 Has at least three ponds containt unpoisoned jellyfish, all in Misool Area
Indonesia at least have 7 ponds with unpoisoned jellyfish, the others are 3 ponds in Misool, Raja Ampat, West Papua, one in Togean Island, Central Sulawesi and one in Rote Island, East Nusa Tenggara and at least two ponds at Derawan Islands, one in Kakaban Island and the other in Maratua Island with Haji Buang Pond.
#6 has a 700 mollusk species, including 7 giant glam species
Raja Ampat has more than 1,070 kinds species of fish, 600 species of coral reef, and 699 species of mollusk. Compare with the entire Caribbean region who just have no more than 70 species of coral.
The giant clam (Tridacna gigas) is a clam that is the largest living bivalve mollusk. Tridacna gigas is one of the most endangered clam species.
And also you will see tons of nudibranchs. The nudibranch is without a doubt the most colorful of all the mollusks. There are hundreds of species, and are different and exhibit an endless variety of beautiful designs. This is why the Raja Ampat is the top rank of the most favorite underwater photography destinations
#7 Comprising over 1,500 small islands, cays, and shoals surrounding the four main islands
Comprising over 1,500 small islands, cays, and shoals surrounding the four main islands of Misool, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo, and the smaller island of Kofiau.
Many of the small island, cays and shoals are unnamed.
#8 Has a five species of rare and endangered sea turtles including the hawksbill sea turtle
The hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a critically endangered sea turtle.
The hawksbill sea turtles are unfortunately endangered mainly due to human impact. These sea turtles mainly stay close to shorelines as this is where sponge-bearing coral reefs can be found, as well as beaches that provide nesting sites. And the most significant nesting beaches are in Mexico, the Seychelles, Indonesia, and Australia
You can found eight turtles in a single dive!
Most of the turtles were not disturbed by our presence as they chewed on soft corals and sponges, which are an important part of their diet.
#9 Has a 13 marine mmmal species including the dugong
The dugong is a large marine mammal which together with the manatee are part of the order of Sirenia. The sirenians are actually closer related to elephants than any other sea life. The average size they grow to is around 3metres in length and one this size can be expected to weigh 420kg! They also have a long life scan and can reach 70 years old.
Dugongs are shy, gentle creatures and are usually solitary so finding one on a dive is usually rare but wonderful when it does happen. Dugongs tend to stay in the same area all their life, but even knowing there is one in a bay doesn’t guarantee a sighting.
When you are lucky enough to encounter a dugong remember to respect its space and as with all marine life, look but don’t touch. Most dugongs will tend to ignore divers and continue with their grazing on sea grass so theres no need to chase or harass them.
They are mammals so like whales and turtles will have to return to the surface every so often for a breathe so obviously be safe and don’t follow them up and back down as this will increase your chance of Decompression Illness even at the relatively shallow depths of 10m. Just stay still, calm and enjoy the amazing experience.
#10 Has a 57 species of Mantis shrimp (more than 1/8 of Mantis Shrimp species worldwide.
Mantis shrimp are among the fascinating creatures found on Raja Ampat dive sites. Raja Ampat has 57 species of 400 species Mantis Shrimp worldwide
Humans possess three types of color-receptive cones in their eyes. Mantis shrimp have 16 types of color-receptive cones making them one of the most advanced visual systems ever discovered.
#11 The name of Raja Ampat comes from local mythology means "the Four Kings" that occupy four of Raja Ampat biggest islands : Misool, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo
This is actually not a facts, this is the stories as to the origin of the name Raja Ampat inherited from generation to generation from in the life of the indigenous people of Raja Ampat archipelago.
The name of Raja Ampat comes from local mythology that tells about a woman who finds seven eggs. Four of the seven eggs hatch and become kings that occupy four of Raja Ampat biggest islands whilst the other three become a ghost, a woman, and a stone.
History shows that Raja Ampat was once a part of Sultanate of Tidore, an influential kingdom from Maluku.